Publications: Nanostrucutred Hybrid Systems

Scientific publications of the research group on nanostructured hybrid systems

09

Mar 2018

Determination of the out-of-plane anisotropy contributions (first and second anisotropy terms) in amorphous Nd-Co thin films by micromagnetic numerical simulations

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Amorphous Nd-Co thin films exhibit stripe shaped periodic magnetic domains with local out-of-plane magnetization components due to their perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. This anisotropy has been quantified in a fairly simple way by reproducing the experimental magnetization curves by means of micromagnetic numerical simulations. The simulations show that the first (K1) and second (K2) anisotropy constants must be used to properly describe the variation of the stripe domains with the in plane applied magnetic field. A strong temperature dependence of both K1 and K2 has been obtained between 10 K and room temperature. This anisotropy behavior is characteristic of two magnetically coupled 3d-4f sublattices with competing anisotropies.

20

Nov 2017

2D magnetic domain wall ratchet: The limit of submicrometric holes

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The study of ratchet and crossed-ratchet effects in magnetic domain wall motion through 2D arrays of asymmetric holes is extended in this article to the submicrometric limit in hole size (small size regime). Therefore, the gap has been closed between the 2D ratchets in the range of tens-of-micrometers (large size regime) and the small size regime 1D ratchets based on nanowires. The combination of Kerr microscopy, X-ray PhotoEmission Electron Microscopy and micromagnetic simulations has allowed a full magnetic characterisation of both the domain wall (DW) propagation process over the whole array and the local DW morphology and pinning at the holes. It is found that the 2D small size limit is driven by the interplay between DW elasticity and half vortex propagation along hole edges: as hole size becomes comparable to DW width, flat DW propagation modes are favoured over kinked DW propagation due to an enhancement of DW stiffness, and pinned DW segments adopt asymmetric configurations related with Néel DW chirality. Nevertheless, both ratchet and crossed-ratchet effects have been experimentally found, and we propose a new ratchet/inverted-ratchet effect in the submicrometric range driven by magnetic fields and electrical currents respectively.

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24

Jul 2017

Deterministic propagation of vortex-antivortex pairs in magnetic trilayers

Posted by / in Latest CINN Publications, Publications 2017, Publications Nanostructured Hybrid Systems 2017, Publications: Nanostructured Hybrid systems / No comments yet

Thin perpendicular magnetic anisotropy films between two soft ferromagnetic layers have the nuclei for magnetization inversion at the bifurcations of their characteristic stripe domain pattern. The inverted nuclei induce vortex-antivortex pairs in the soft magnetic layers that exhibit a correlated motion extending several μm along the magnetic stripes during magnetization reversal.The sense of motion is completely determined by the topology of the magnetic bifurcations causing vortex-antivortex pairs to propagate in opposite senses depending on their polarities. This is a robust effect that might have practical applications. These findings are based on X-ray microscopy and micromagnetic calculations.

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